Easter in Kos

Easter also known as LAMBRI (full of light) is the largest religious Greek orthodox celebration. Which is why over two million Greeks move from the big cities to celebrate this day with family,friends and neighbours every year.
Before Easter day a forty day of strict fasting preceeds from meat, dairy products and fish. So the table set on Easter day is rich and is beeing prepared the whole previous week (Holy Week).
Housewives in Kos have a very busy week including whitewashing their houses with lime (especialy in the villages) and prepare the local customs. All the women in the neighbourhood gather together knead and bake the local cookies in large pans. On Holy Thursday they dye eggs, red (symbolizing the primary key element, life) and knead AVGOULES ( cookies in the shape of the number eight with red eggs on them, which are hung on the walls). Meanwhile also preparing LAMBROPITES, hand made pies filled with cheese mostly, eggs and just a pinch of cinnamon. The best are made in the area of Kefalos.
The most delicious and main dish is the baked goat. On the night of Holy Saturday the dish is properly prepared by the family, stuffed with rice, spices etc. Which is then placed in ceramic bowls and taken to the oven where the men take over and make sure everything is properly done. The dish is taken out of the sealed oven the next day at noon. Each neighbour takes a ceramic bowl and heds home where the table is ready and the feast can beggin.




Rebetiko is a kind of urban Greek folk music which combines elements of different musical styles of the Greek mainland and islands with inluences of Greek orthodox ecclesiastical chant (referred to today as Byzantine music) and modal traditions of Asia Minor.                                                       

Early Rebetika (plural) songs, particularly those that dealt with matters of the heart, were based on Greek folk songs, many of which belonged to the Acritic tradition.                                                          

Rebetiko music gets its name from the word ‘rebetis’, a term used to describe musicians and fans of the music. Rebetiko music grew in popularity after the population exchanges of 1923 and the arrival of Greeks from Izmir and Istanbul in the early 1920’s. The arrival of these anatolian Greeks in the mainland’s cities and the circumstances of their struggle provided the inspiration for the earliest rebetiko songs.Rebetis

One of Greece’s best known artists Manos Hatzidakis summarized they key elements of rebetiko music in three words ; ‘Meraki, kefi kai kaeemos’ (love, joy and sorrow).

Popular themes dealt with in rebetiko music include death, exile, love, war, work, drugs and eroticism.

According to one of the best known scholars of the genre, Elias Petropoulos, ‘the womb of rebetika was the jail and the hash den and it is true that many songs deal with the pleasures of using drugs’. Songs dealing with these subject matters are known as ‘hasiklidika’.

At first, the instruments used for ‘Rebetika’ songs were similar to those used in Ottoman café music (known also as Café Aman). These include: oud or ud, accordion, finger cymbals, kanonaki, violin, santouri, tsimbalo, violoncello and clarinet. However in the years before the second world war the bouzouki began to emerge as the most prominent instrument of the genre and defines it until today.

Rebetiko music’s edges have been softened through the years but from the 1960’s onwards it has experienced a revival and continues to be         discovered by younger generations to this day.

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